Tourism Information of Semnan

The province made part of First Region upon the division of the provinces into 5 regions solely for coordination and development purposes on June 22, 2014 ...

In the early 20th century , Reza Shah connected northern Elbourz to the southern slopes by constructing 7 new roads and railways , the provinces of Mazandaran and Gilan became known as Shomal by all Iranians (meaning "the North" in Persian Language) . It is a Caspian province in the north of Iran . Located on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea , it is bordered clockwise by Russia (across the sea) , Golestan , Semnan , Tehran , Alborz , Qazvin , and Gilan provinces . Sari is the largest city and the capital of Mazandaran province .

Mazandaran is one of the most densely populated provinces in Iran and has diverse natural resources , especially large reservoirs of oil and natural gas . The province's four largest counties are Sari , Amol , Nur , and Tonekabon . Founded as a province in 1937 , Mazandaran was declared the second modern province after neighbouring Gilan .

The diverse nature of the province features plains , prairies , forests and rainforest stretching from the sandy beaches of the Caspian Sea to the rugged and snowcapped Alborz sierra , including Mount Damavand , one of the highest peaks and volcanos in Asia , which at the narrowest point (Nowshahr County) narrows to 5 miles .

Mazandaran is a major producer of farmed fish , and aquaculture provides an important economic addition to traditional dominance of agriculture . Another important contributor to the economy is the tourism industry , as people from all of Iran enjoy visiting the area . Mazandaran is also a fast-growing centre for biotechnology and civil engineering .

Human habitation in the area dates back at least 75,000 years . Recent excavations in Goher Tippe provide proof that the area has been urbanized for more than 5,000 years , and the area is considered one of the most important historical sites of Iran . It has played an important role in cultural and urban development of the region .

Indigenous peoples of the region include the ethnic Mazanderanis , who speak an Iranian language which most closely resembles Gilaki and Sangiseri language , but also has phono-typical similarities to several Caucasian languages , reflecting the history of the region and its peoples .



Scientific discoveries in the caves of Hutu and belt , a testament to the life of 75 thousand years ago have been found . Mythical land Iran of Mazandaran is an nd dating life in the Medians have said . Mazandaran the oldest human settlements in the Caspian province .


Pre-Islamic history

Before the arrival of the Iranian-speakers to Iran , native people of this area were subsistence hunters and cattle herders . Archaeological studies in caves belt and Hutu man in Behshahr in the Mazandaran date to approximately 9500 BC . Aryan migration from the north-eastern borders of modern Iran began around the third millennium BC , mixed with the natives . Amardids were a tribe living along the mountainous region bordering the Caspian Sea , including current day Amol , The Aryan people and Scythian tribes before the arrival of the next group , the Aryans , Medes , Persians , and Parthians lived in a part of the current Caspian . The region is known to have been populated from early antiquity , and Mazandaran has changed hands among various dynasties from early in its history . There are several fortresses remaining from Parthian and Sassanid times , and many older cemeteries scattered throughout the province . During this era , Mazandaran was part of Hyrcania Province which was one of important provinces .

With the advent of the Sassanid dynasty , the King of Mazandaran (Tabaristan and Padashkhwargar) was Gushnasp , whose ancestors had reigned in the area (under the Parthian empire) since the time of Alexander . In 529–536 , Mazandarn was ruled by the Sassanid prince Kawus , son of Kawadh . Anushirawan , the Sassanid king , defeated Zarmihr , who claimed his ancestry from the legendary blacksmith Kaveh . This dynasty ruled till 645 A.D. , when Gil Gilanshah (a descendant of the Sassanid king Jamasp and a son of Piruz) joined Mazandaran to Gilan . These families had descendants who ruled during the Islamic period .

Now called Mazanderan , comprehends the largest and widest portion of the low plain along the shores of the Caspian Sea . It is one of the most fertile provinces of the Persian empire , whether the mountains or the plains are considered . Travellers passing through the forests of Mazanderan , pass through thickets of sweetbriar and honeysuckle ; and are surrounded with acacias , oaks , lindens , and chestnut trees . The summits of the mountains are crowned with cedars , cypresses , and various species of pines . So beautiful is this district , that in the hyperbolical language of the orientals it is styled , Belad-al-Irem , or , the Land of the Terrestrial Paradise . Sir W. Ouseley relates , that Kaikus , the Persian king , was fired with ambition to conquer so fine a country , through the influence of a minstrel , who exhausted all his powers of music and poetry in the praise of its beauties : his strains read thus :

"Let the king consider the delights of Mazanderan , and may that country flourish during all eternity ; for in its gardens roses ever blow , and even its mountains are covered with hyacinths and tulips . Its land abounds in all the beauties of nature ; its climate is salubrious and temperate , neither too warm nor too cold ; it is a region of perpetual spring : there , in shady bowers , the nightingale ever sings ; there the fawn and antelope incessantly wander among the valleys ; every spot , throughout the whole year , is embellished and perfumed with flowers ; the very brooks of that country seem to be rivulets of rose water , so much does this exquisite fragrance delight the soul . During the winter months , as at all other seasons , the ground is enameled , and the banks of murmuring streams smile with variegated flowers ; every where the pleasures of the chase may be enjoyed ; all places abound with money , fine stuffs for garments , and every other article necessary for comfort or luxury . There all the attendants are lovely damsels , wearing golden coronets ; and all the men illustrious warriors , whose girdles are studded with gold ; and nothing but a wilful perversity of mind , or corporeal infirmity , can hinder a person from being cheerful and happy in Mazanderan" .

Such were the delights the oriental poet held out to his rulers in Mazanderan , in all the force of oriental exaggeration . The province of Mazanderan was doubtless a delightful province ; but there appear to have been some drawbacks upon its loveliness . Sir W. Ouseley states that on entering Mazanderan , he was informed that he would find a babr , tiger ; a guraz , boar ; rubah , foxes ; shegkal , jackals ; and a gurg , or wolf . Accordingly , the very first thing that he saw , on entering a village of Hyrcania , was the carcase of a , large wolf , which had been shofjust half an hour before his arrival , and which looked terrible in death , "grinning horribly a ghastly grin" , thus proving the truth of the poet , that , "every where the pleasures of the chase may be enjoyed" , if such may be termed pleasures . In ancient times , Hyrcania was infested with panthers and tigers , so fierce and cruel , as to give rise to a proverb concerning fierce and unrelenting men , that they had sucked Caspian tigers . The poet Virgil refers to this in his Aeneid . Representing Dido chiding iEneas , he puts into her mouth these words :

"False as thou art , and more than false , forsworn , Not sprung from noble blood , nor goddess born , But hewn from harden'd entrails of a rock ! And rough Caspian tigers gave thee suck !"

Strabo , who extends Hyrcania as far north as the river Ochus , says from Aristobulus that was a woody region , producing oaks and pines , but not the pitch pine , which abounded in India . It has been mentioned as a curious circumstance , that in Mazanderan an axe used for cutting is called tabr . Now the Tapyri , or Tabari , inhabited a district in Hyrcania , and if this name be derived from tabr , an axe , it will signify hatchet-men , or wood-cutters , a name very appropriate to the inhabitants of a country covered with forests like Mazanderan and , though restricted by the Greeks to the western inhabitants of that province , is equally applicable to those of the eastern part . According to Sir W. Ouseley , the name of the part in which the Tabari . lived , namely , Tabristan , or Tabaristan , signifies the country of wood .

According to Morier , Mazanderan is a modern Persian phrase , signifying , "Within the boundary or limit of the mountain" . This is confirmed by Sir W. Ouseley , who says , from Hamdallah , an eminent Persian geographer , that Mazanderan was originally named Mawz-anderan , or within the mountain Mawz . He says , The Coh-Alburz is an immense mountain adjacent to Bab-al-abwab , (Derbend) , and many mountains are connected with Alburz ; so that from Turkestan to Hejas , it forms a range extending in length 1000 farsangs , about 130 miles , more or less ; and on this account some regard it as the mountain of Kaf , (Caucasus) Its western side , connected with the mountains of Gurjestan , (Georgia) is called the Coh Lagzi , (Daghestan) and the Sur a lakaeim relates , that in the Coh Lagzi there are various races of people ; so that about seventy different languages or dialects are used among them ; and in that mountain are many wonderful objects ; and when it reaches Shemshat and Malatiah , (Samosata Melitene) it is called Kali Kala . At Antakia and Sakeliah , (Antioch and Seleucia) it is called Lekam ; there it divides Sham (Syria) from Room , (Asia Minor) When it reaches between Hems (Emesa) and Demishk , (Damascus) it is called Lebnan , (Lebanon) and near Mecca and Medina it is called Arish . Its eastern side , connected with the mountains of Arran (Eastern Armenia) and Aderbijan , it is called Keik , and when it reaches to Ghilan , (the Gelae and Cadusians) and Iraq , (Media) it takes the name of Terkel-diz-cuh ; it is called Mauz when it reaches Kurnish and Mazanderan ; and originally Mazanderan was named Mawz-enderan ; and when Alburz reaches Khorassan , it is called Lurry . From this it appears that Mazanderan signifies all the region within the mountain Mawz and the Caspian Sea , which lies east of Ghilan and the Kizil Ozan .

Unlike the rest of Persia , Mazanderan is watered by numerous rivers , or mountain torrents , all running from the mountains to the sea . The German traveller Gmelin , who visited this country a. d. 1771 , says that in the space of eight miles , on the road from Resht to Amot , 250 of such streams are to be seen , many of them being so exceedingly broad and deep , that the passage across is sometimes impracticable for weeks together . In this respect Mazanderan furnishes a striking contrast to the waste and barren shores of southern Persia , where for many hundred miles there is not a stream to be met with deep enough to take a horse above the knee . Hence arises the fertility of Mazanderan . So mild and humid , indeed , is the climate of Mazanderan , that it permits the growth of the sugar cane , and the production of good sugar , and that in perfection four months earlier than in the West Indies . From the lack of art and care , however , this gift of nature is not turned to account by the inhabitants of that province .


Post-Islamic history

During the post-Islamic period the local dynasties fall into three classes : 1. local families of pre-Islamic origin , 2. the ʿAlid sayyid s , and 3. local families of secondary importance .

The Bawandids who claimed descent from Kawus provided three dynasties . The first dynasty (665–1007) was overthrown on the conquest of Tabaristan by the Ziyarid Kabus b. Wushmgir . The second dynasty reigned from 466/1073 to 606/1210 when Mazandaran was conquered by 'Ala al-Din Muhammad Khwarzamshah . The third ruled from 635/1237 to 750/1349 as vassals of the Mongols . The last representative of the Bawandids was killed by Afrasiyab Chulawi .

The Karinids claimed descent from Karin , brother of Zarmihr who was the pre-Islamic ruler under the Sassanids . Their last representative Mazyar was put to death in 224/839 .

The Paduspanids claimed descent from the Dabyuids of Gilan . They came to the front about 40/660 and during the rule of the ʿAlids were their vassals . Later , they were vassals of the Buyids and Bawandids , who deposed them in 586/1190 . The dynasty , restored in 606/1209-10 , survived till the time of Timur ; the branch descended from Kawus the son of Kayumarth reigned till 975/1567 and the other , that of Iskandar the son of Kayumarth , till 984/1574 .

In the 9th-11th century AD , there were repetitively military raids undertaken by the Rus' between 864 and 1041 on the Caspian Sea shores of Iran , Azerbaijan , and Dagestan as part of the Caspian expeditions of the Rus' . Initially , the Rus' appeared in Serkland in the 9th century traveling as merchants along the Volga trade route , selling furs , honey , and slaves . The first small-scale raids took place in the late 9th and early 10th century . The Rus' undertook the first large-scale expedition in 913 ; having arrived on 500 ships , they pillaged the westernmost parts of Gorgan as well as Mazandaran and Gilan , taking slaves and goods .

In 1034 , Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi entered Tabaristan via Gorgan followed by the invasion of Sultan Mohammad Kharazmshah in 1209 . Thereafter , the Mongols governed the region until they were overthrown by the Timurid Dynasty . After the dissolution of the feudal government of Tabaristan , Mazandaran was fully incorporated into the modern Persian Empire by Shah Abbas I in 1596 .

In the Safavid era Mazandaran was settled by very large amounts of Georgians , Circassians , Armenians , and other Peoples of the Caucasus , whose descendants still live or linger across Mazandaran . Towns , villages and neighbourhoods in Mazandaran still bear the name "Gorji" (i.e. , Georgian) in them , although most of the large amounts of Georgians , and Circassians are already assimilated into the mainstream Mazandaranis . The history of Georgian settlement is described by Iskandar Beg Munshi , the author of the 17th century Tarikh-e Alam-Ara-ye Abbasi , and both the Circassian and Georgian settlements by Pietro Della Valle , among other authors .

Before the reign of Nadir Shah , the province was briefly occupied by the Russian army in the aftermath of the Russo-Persian War (1722–23) and returned to Persia in 1735 . Following the outcomes of the Russo-Persian War (1804–13) and the Russo-Persian War (1826–28) Russian influence in northern Iran , and especially Mazandaran and Gilan dramatically increased with most of it invaded by Russians , and occupied by Russian forces . Most major cities in the region had Russian schools and significant traces of Russian culture can still be found . This significant increase of Russian influence in the region would last all the way up to the 1946 and had a major impact on Iranian history , as it directly led to the Persian Constitutional Revolution . Several years after the revolution , the region saw another massive influx of Russian refugees (the so-called White émigrées) who fled the Bolsheviks . Many of the descendants of these refugees still linger forth in the region .



Mazandaran is located on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea . It is bordered clockwise by Golestan , Semnan and Tehran provinces . This province also borders Qazvin and Gilan to the west . Mazandaran province is geographically divided into two parts : the coastal plains , and the mountainous areas . The Alborz Mountain Range surrounds the coastal strip and plains of the Caspian Sea .

There is often snowfall in the Alborz regions , which run parallel to the Caspian Sea's southern coast , dividing the province into many isolated valleys . The province enjoys a moderate , subtropical climate with an average temperature of 25 °C in summer and about 8 °C in winter . Although snow may fall heavily in the mountains in winter , it rarely falls at sea level .

Ecoregions :

·         Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests

·         Elburz Range forest steppe



Given the climatic changes and varying rates of rainfall in different parts of Mazandaran province , this region has a variety of climates , including the mild and humid climate of Caspian shoreline and the moderate and cold climate of mountainous regions . The western and central plains of the province , up to the northern foothills of Alborz Mountain Range , experience the mild climate of the Caspian region . In the 1,500- to 3,000-meter altitudes , there is a moderate mountainous climate , with long , cold winters , and short , mild summers . In this region , snow covers parts of the province even up to the middle of the warm season . In fact , snow can be observed in this region even in the warmest months of the year , which lends a touch of beauty to this region .



The population of the province has been steadily growing during the last 50 years . The following table shows the approximate province population , excluding the Golestan province , which has separated as an independent province in 1998 .

The population is overwhelmingly Mazandarani , with a minority of Azerbaijanis , Georgians , Armenians , Circassians , Turkmen and others .

In recent years the region has seen an influx of Iranians from other regions of Iran , many of them attracted by its nature and seaside .


Administrative divisions

The province covers an area of 23,842 km² . According to the census of 2006 , the population of the province was 2,922,432 of which 53.18% were urban dwellers , 46.82% villagers , and remaining were non-residents . Sari is the capital city of the province .

Mazandaran is divided into 15 counties (shahrestan in Persian) . All the shahrestans are named after their administrative center , except Savadkooh .



Mazandaran is connected to the capital of Iran , Tehran , through three transit roads : Haraz road (Amol-Rudehen) , Kandovan road (Chalus-Karaj) , and Firoozkooh road (Qaem Shahr-Rudehen) .



Dasht-e Naz Airport , serving the capital Sari , Noshahr Airport , and Ramsar Airport are the domestic airports that connect the province to the other parts of the country . There are some Hajj flights from Dasht-e Naz Airport as well .



Mazandaran is served by the North Railway Dept . of the Iranian Railways . The department connects the province to Tehran to the south and Gorgan to the east . The cities of Sari , Qaemshahr , and Pol Sefid are major stations of the department .



Mazandaran is a center for Iranian culture and has produced a number of famous poets . Similar scholars political and philosopher . wool , felting , felt hat and mat weaving industry Cultural Mazandaran is . Barf Chal , Lochu Wrestling , Palm and Tireg�?n (Damavand national day) The local event will be Which is held each year .

The peoples of the two provinces are largely secular , and consequently women have had greater social freedom and independence than their Persian cousins . (Reference : "The Soviet Socialist Republic of Iran , 1920-1921 : Birth of the Trauma" by Cosroe Chaqueri . The cuisine of the province is very rich in seafood due to its location by the Caspian Sea , and rice is present in virtually every meal . Indeed , the rest of Iran was introduced to rice through Gilan and Mazandaran . Before the 1800s , Persians , Kurds , and other Iranian ethnic groups used bread rather than rice as an accompaniment to their meals , though bread remains a prominent staple among them . While bread remains very popular among those groups , in Gilan and Mazandaran , rice remains the choice staple of the indigenous inhabitants .



Mazanderani or Tabarian is a Northwestern Iranian language . Various Mazandarani dialects exist which are spoken in Mazandaran province and the neighbor province Golestan such as Mazanderani , and Gorgani and possibly Qadikolahi (Ghadikolahi) and Palani . Today , Mazandaranis also use Persian (Western Persian) . The educated can communicate and read Persian well .

A dialect of Azeri is spoken in the town of Galoogah .


Attractions Tourism and Historical and Natural

·         Mount Damavand

·         Abbas Abad Garden Behshahr

·         Tomb Mashhad Mir Bozorg Marashi

·         Tomb tower Sayyid Haydar Amoli

·         Safi Abad Palace

·         Malek Bahman Castle

·         Cheshmeh Kileh Bridge Tonekabon

·         Lajim Tower

·         Veresk Bridge

·         Castle Poolad Nour

·         Shapour Bridge Juybar

·         Bathroom Vaziri Sari

·         Tomb Darvish Fakhruddin Babol

·         Rescet Tower Savadkuh

·         Waterfall Tircan

·         Jameh Mosque of Amol

·         Jameh Mosque of Sari

·         Bridge Felezi of Babolsar

·         Imam Hassan Askari Mosque

·         Lake Miyansheh

·         Forest Park Nur and Amol

·         Clock tower Sari

·         Waterfall Sangeno

·         Heshtel Towers

·         Amoloo Mineral Water Spring

·         Harijan Village Chaloos

·         Tamishan Palace Noor

·         Div Sefid Cave

·         Alasht Village

·         Cemetery Ispe Chah

·         Zangian Cave

·         Cheshmeh Imarat Behshar

·         Haft Abshar Waterfall Babol

·         Hill Qlaya Ghale Kety

·         Bathroom Vaziri Sari

·         House Kalbadi Sari

·         House Manouchehri Amol

·         Tower Shervin Bavand

·         Church sourkh Abad

·         Watchtower of Babol

·         Tomb Shab baloo zahid Amuli

·         Mosque Jameh of Babol

·         Mosque Mohadesin

·         Abpari Waterfall

·         Lake Sahon

·         Forest Park Chaldareh

·         Forest Park Shahid Zare

·         Forest Park Mirza Kuchik Khan Haraz

·         Forst Park Kashpel

·         Miankaleh peninsula

·         Marko Summit

·         Forst Park Dalkhani

·         Do hezar Village

·         Abe ask Village

·         Shahrak-e Darya Kenar

·         Lavij Village

·         Sheikh Musa Village

·         Shoormast Lake Savadkuh

·         Forest Sange no Neka

·         Amoloo mineral water Spring

·         Ramsar mineral water Springs

·         Pahlavi Hotel Qaem Shahr

·         Band-e Borideh River



Rice , grain , fruits , cotton , tea , tobacco , sugarcane , and silk are produced in the lowland strip along the Caspian shore . Oil wealth has stimulated industries in food processing , cement , textiles , cotton , and fishing (caviar) .

The province's pleasant and moderate climate , beautiful natural landscapes , and proximity to Tehran , have led the province to be one of the main recreational and tourism areas of Iran .

Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization lists close to 630 sites of historical and cultural significance , hence a wealth of tourist attractions .


Colleges and universities

Main universities of Mazandaran

·         University of Mazandaran , Babolsar

·         Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences , Sari

·         Babol Noshirvani University of Technology , Babol

·         Babol University of Medical Sciences , Babol

·         Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University , Sari

·         Shomal University , Amol

Shahrak-e Namak Abrud

Shahrak-e Namak Abrud is a village in Kelarestaq-e Gharbi Rural District , in the Central District of Chalus County , Mazandaran Province , Iran . At the 2006 census , its population was 354 , in 71 families .
Shahrak-e Namak Abrud is a touristic village and has an aerial tramway which starts at the sea level near the shores of the Caspian Sea and ends on the top of the Alborz heights crossing dense forest area of northern Iran . There are numerous villa cities around it which form a vacation region for the people of Tehran .
Located 12 km from East Chalus is new Namak Abroud township covering some 650 hectares , with the Caspian sea on its north and Madoban (the Alborz) on its south . Approximately 200 hectare violet and box-tree parks made the area very spectacular . Moreover , Madoban-the dense forest created a remarkably attractive landscape . The original plan was designed by consulting engineer ; Mr. Dazz , Mr.Charkhab , Mr.Hovard Homfari . Hovard Homfari’s report said that Chalous-Ramsar Road bisected the area-with the northern side of the road dedicated to building villas , and Hite hotel and marinas suggested part and the related facility and apartment complex on its southern side .

Badab-e Surt

Badab-e Surt is a natural site in Mazandaran Province in northern Iran , 95 kilometres (59 mi) south of the city of Sari , and 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) west of Orost village . It comprises a range of stepped travertine terrace formations that has been created over thousands of years as flowing water from two mineral hot springs cooled and deposited carbonate minerals on the mountainside .

Veresk Bridge

The Veresk bridge (Varisk) is a bridge in Iran . It was constructed mostly by Austrians before World War II by leadership of an engineer named Walter Aigner , constructed during the reign of Reza Shah . It is located in the Veresk district of Savadkuh County , in Mazandaran province .
During World War II , it was known as the Pol-e Piroozi ("The bridge of victory") . The bridge stands at 110 m (360 ft) tall and its arch measures 66 m (217 ft) long . The bridge serves the Trans-Iranian Railway network in Northern Iran .
The Veresk bridge in Iran connects the railway between Tehran and the Caspian Sea region . It is located in Mazandaran’s Veresk district of Savad Kooh county , 85 kilometers south of Ghaemshahr and connects two of the mountains in the Abbas Abad region . The bridge is one of the masterpieces of the Danish engineering firm Kampsax , (consisting of mostly German and Austrian engineers) serving the Trans-Iranian Railway network in Northern Iran . The construction of this bridge included craftsmen of many nationalities , including many Italian . The Master Carpenter for the construction of the lumber concrete forms was Giacomo Di Marco , from the Friuli region of Italy , and detailed in the book he authored . It has been said after finishing the bridge , people had a fear that the train wouldn’t be able to pass the narrow bridge and that it would break . As a result , the engineer and his family stood under it when the first train passed the bridge (local accounts claim that Reza Shah had asked them to do so anyway) .
Near the bridge is a memorial structure built in memory of all the construction workers who lost their lives in the course of building the Veresk Bridge and its nearby tunnels . The Chief Engineer , Austrian Walter Aigner , following his wishes , is buried in the local cemetery of Veresk . Under the bridge is an underground tunnel through which trains pass after crossing the bridge and gradually dropping altitude and before pulling into the train station . During World War II , it was known as the Pol-e-Piroozi , or the bridge of victory . During the course of the war , Reza Shah was asked by Hitler to blow up all tunnels and bridges , including the Veresk Bridge , on Iran’s railway lines in order to delay the transfer of goods and reinforcement troops to the north for the Russians . He furthermore promised to replace and reconstruct all of such demolished structures following the Germans’ victory in the war . Reza Shah rejected the request . Today trains connecting Tehran to Gorgan or Sari pass over this bridge an average of 4 times a day .

Ramsar Palace

The Ramsar Palace is one of the historic buildings and royal residences in Iran . The palace is in Ramsar , a city on the coast of the Caspian Sea .
The Ramsar Palace was established on a land of 60,000 square meters in 1937 . The area was a historical garden in Ramsar . The palace was used as a summer residence by Reza Shah and then by his son , Mohammad Reza Pahlavi . Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and his second spouse Sorayya Esfendiari spent their honeymoon in the palace .


House of Nima

Nim? Yushij also called Nim? , born Ali Esfandi?ri , was a contemporary Tabarian and Persian poet who started the she’r-e now also known as she’r-e nimaa'i trend in Iran . He is considered as the father of modern Persian poetry .
He died of pneumonia in Shemiran , in the northern part of Tehran and was buried in his native village of Yush , Nur County , Mazandaran , as he had willed .